Types of Braces

Orthodontists use a variety of products that are "bonded" to the teeth. The combination of brackets, bands and wires are called "braces." The two most important ingredients are the brackets and the wires. Both brackets and wires are available in a multitude of shapes, sizes and materials. Once a bracket type is chosen, we are able to strategically and accurately bond them to each tooth so the teeth move in favorable directions with predictable results.

Although traditional metal brackets are our most popular, we do offer and utilize the latest technological advances in the industry, which are self-ligating brackets. For those individuals who want braces but don't want their braces seen, we have ceramic or tooth-colored brackets and wires that may interest you.

Regardless of the bracket type, they are all teamed up with a combination of high-tech super elastic arch wires made of nickel titanium. These wires create a low constant force over a longer period of time. This allows the teeth to move faster while creating less discomfort for the patient. Lastly, these wires truly maximize the clinical efficiency of all bracket types.

Metal Braces

Metal braces are the most common type. They are made of high-grade stainless steel. Today's metal braces are smaller, more comfortable and more attractive.

Self-Ligating Brackets

Self-ligating brackets utilize a "sliding-door" technology that allows the wire to slide back and forth within the bracket. No elastics or steel ties are used with the system. This technology creates less friction and results in greater comfort for the patient. In addition, this system often reduces both treatment time and the number of adjustments that are usually performed.

Ceramic Braces

Ceramic braces are made of a translucent (clear) material. They are most popular with adult patients due to their cosmetic appeal. They are difficult to see on the teeth unless you are very close to the individual, especially if using tooth-colored wires. While remarkably translucent, they are also very difficult to discolor. They go on easily and are removed just like ordinary metal appliances. They are ultra smooth, providing excellent sliding mechanics and are as strong as metal slot appliances.


Dr. Cooper and specific members of his team are certified Invisalign® providers. The Invisalign® system is a series of clear overlay templates called aligners, which have been generated by computer simulation to gradually move the teeth. This system is available to patients who have fully erupted permanent teeth with certain orthodontic bite problems. Ask us if you are a candidate for the Invisalign® system or click here to learn more about Invisalign.