The purpose of orthognathic surgery is to correct functional and esthetic problems that are due to underlying skeletal deformities. Corrective jaw surgery is needed if a patient has a skeletal problem or discrepancy that is not likely to be corrected by orthodontic tooth movement alone. These are abnormalities of the facial bones, specifically the jaws and associated teeth.
Based on malocclusion (bad bite) studies, approximately 5% of the most severe malocclusions would require orthognathic surgery. This indicated that there are over 1 million people in the United States with one or more skeletal problems.
These severe malocclusions may cause many functional problems such as the inability to chew food properly, speaking problems, sleeping and breathing problems and facial muscle dysfunctions such as headaches and joint (TMJ) pain.
Orthognathic surgery provides us with that opportunity to improve both functional and cosmetic problems at the same time. Our goal is to create a harmonious relationship of the jaws and teeth and most importantly, create pleasing soft tissue esthetics and an overall improvement in one's facial profile.
The success of orthognathic surgery is formulated by a team approach. This would include your orthodontist, your dentist and an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. It is important for our team to listen to the patient's request, their concerns and expectations and know their level of motivation for treatment.
Diagnostic records are extremely important in the surgical decision process. Orthodontic records (cephalometric radiograph, panoramic radiograph, study models and facial and intraoral photographics) in conjunction with computerized digital imaging are used to evaluate existing problems and to establish an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.